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Saturday, September 21 • 9:33am - 10:08am
Internet Usage Subnational Disparity Measure in Mexico: A Gender-Digital Divide Approach

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Along with the gradual expansion of the ICT, an important amount of research has documented the emergence of the digital divide. Even if the main takeaway is that not everybody can ripe the benefits that telecommunication technology currently offers it’s important to keep acknowledging that women in developing countries have to overcome much more barriers than their male counterpart to appropriate the ICT.
The studies on digital divide emphasizes two main tenets in the research agenda: ICT access and ICT usage. Our research seeks to analyze the gender digital divide in terms of ICT usage narrowing our focus on internet use in Mexico.
Even though the literature has consistently accumulated evidence of the gender- digital-divide existence in many societies, there is work that can be done to shed a bit more light to the subject. One of the ways to do this is keep seeking to generate ever so slightly more precise characterizations of the divide when sociodemographic and economics factors are taken into account.
Therefore, this article seeks to tackle the following entangled empirical questions: Is there geographical patterns in mexicans internet usage? In which social, demographic and economic factors hinges Mexico’s use of internet if any? Does differences exists between men and women in internet use frequency?
To do so we analyze the 32 Mexico’s states sociodemographic microdata from a quantitative exploratory approach through the use of entropy class indexes. In particular, following Lengsfeld (2011), we use the Theil Index, which is commonly used in the income inequality literature with great effect. Starting from the definition of mutually exclusive and completely exhaustive population groups, the Theil index allows to identify two sources of internet usage inequality in a population: the inequality that arises between groups and the inequality that arises within groups. At the same time, the index is able to measure the total internet usage inequality by the weighted aggregation of both of the sources of inequality. The estimation of the index uses both categorical and discrete data taken from the Mexican National Household Information Technology Availability and Usage Survey 2017 (INEGI, 2017). The variables that determine the mutually exclusive groups that are used for the index estimation are: age, education, economically active population, type of occupation and economically inactive population. In each and every one of this segmentation criteria we will analyze the gender disparities that may arise. Since our data source allows it, we do this procedure for the 32 states in the Mexican republic. When taken into account comprehensively, all this estimation enables us to present a detail diagnosis of the digital-gender-divide in Mexico.


Shiv Bashki



Saturday September 21, 2019 9:33am - 10:08am PDT
NT07 WCL, 4300 Nebraska Ave, Washington, DC